The 130-ship-strong Spanish Armada set sail for England; it was defeated in August.
The colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Harbor met to form the New England Confederation.
Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act, establishing national quotas for immigrants.
The first annual Calaveras County "Frog Jumping Jubilee" was held in Angel's Camp, California.
British author and soldier, T. E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia," died from injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash.
The 27th Amendment to the Constitution, which prohibited Congress from giving itself midterm pay raises, went into effect.
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died in New York.