Montana became the 41st state.
Former president Grover Cleveland beat incumbent Benjamin Harrison and became the only president to win nonconsecutive terms in the White House.
Adolf Hitler attempted, and failed, to seize control of the German government in the Beer Hall Putsch.
John F. Kennedy defeated Richard M. Nixon for the presidency of the United States.
Edward W. Brooke of Massachusetts became the first African American to be elected to the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction.
After a 40-year Democrat domination, the Republican Party gained control of the U.S. House of Representatives, as well as a Senate majority.