October 20

1803

The Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase.

1944

Gen. Douglas MacArthur returned to the Philippines, 30 months after he said "I shall return."

1947

The U.S. House Un-American Activities Committee opened meetings about alleged Communist infiltration in the Hollywood film industry.

1964

The 31st president of the United States, Herbert Hoover, died in New York at age 90.

1968

Jacqueline Kennedy married Aristotle Onassis.

1973

During the Watergate scandal, Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William B. Ruckelshaus resigned and special prosecutor Archibald Cox was dismissed by President Nixon in what came to be known as the "Saturday Night Massacre."

1973

The Sydney Opera House was opened by Queen Elizabeth II.

2011

Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi is killed by rebel troops in Surt, Libya, his hometown.

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