Ethan Allen was captured by the British.
The first Congress adopted 12 amendments to the Constitution and sent them to the states for ratification. The first ten became the Bill of Rights.
Wilford Woodruff, president of the Mormon church, renounced the practice of polygamy. This paved the way for Utah's acceptance as a state in 1896.
Nine black teenagers, now known as the Little Rock Nine, challenged racial segregation by attending the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Sandra Day O'Connor was sworn in as the first female justice on the Supreme Court.
It was reported that more than 14,000 had lost their lives in France in a summer heat wave.
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia grants women the right to vote and run for office in future elections.