September 30

1791

Mozart's opera The Magic Flute premiered in Vienna, Austria.

1927

Babe Ruth hit his 60th home run. The record stood until Roger Maris hit 61 in 1961. Mark McGwire beat Maris's record in 1998 by hitting 70 and Barry Bonds topped this in 2001 with 73.

1938

Britain and France surrendered to Germany's demands concerning the Sudetenland, and signed the Munich Pact.

1946

Twenty-two Nazi leaders were found guilty at the Nuremberg trials.

1949

The Berlin Airlift came to an end.

1955

Actor James Dean was killed in a car crash.

1966

Botswana gained its independence from Great Britain.

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