Russia's Peter the Great levied a tax on bearded men.
The first Continental Congress met in Philadelphia.
The Republic of Texas made miltary hero Sam Houston its first president.
The Treaty of Portsmouth, which ended the Russo-Japanese War, was signed at the Portsmouth naval base in New Hampshire.
Palestinian guerrillas killed 11 Israelis at the Munich Summer Olympics.
Humanitarian Mother Teresa, who won a Nobel Peace Prize for her work with the poor, died in Calcutta, India, at age 87.