A hurricane struck Galveston, Texas, killing about 8,000 people.
Louisiana Senator Huey P. Long, "The Kingfish," was shot and mortally wounded by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr.
The San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed, formally ending World War II hostilities with Japan.
Ernest Hemingway's Old Man and the Sea was published.
Star Trek premiered on television.
President Gerald Ford gave former President Nixon a full pardon for all federal crimes he may have committed while he was in office.
Mark McGwire's 62nd home run broke Roger Maris's record of 61 homers set in 1961.