August

The sixth month (beginning from March) was once called sextilis, but was changed to Augustus in compliment to Augustus Cæsar of Rome, whose “lucky month” it was, in which occurred many of his most fortunate events.

The preceding month (July), originally called Quintilis , had already been changed to Julius in honour of Julius Cæsar.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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