No proper name, but a mere title given to Octavian, because he
was head of the priesthood. In the reign of Diocletian the two emperors
were each styled Augustus (sacred majesty), and the two viceroys Cæsar. Prior to that time Hadrian limited the title of Cæsar
to the heir presumptive.
Philippe II of France; so called because he was born in the month
of August. (1165, 1180–1223.)
Sigismund II of Poland. (1520, 1548–1572.)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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