means sellers of smoke-dried meat, from the Caribbean word
boucan, smoke-dried meat. The term was first given to the French
settlers in Hayti, whose business it was to hunt animals for their
skins. The flesh they smoke-dried and sold, chiefly to the Dutch.
When the Spaniards laid claim to all America, many English and
French adventurers lived by buccaneering, and hunted Spaniards as
lawful prey. After the peace of Ryswick this was no longer tolerated,
and the term was then applied to any desperate, lawless, piratical
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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