Proteus (2 syl.), who lived in the island of Carpathos, between Rhodes and Crete. He was a wizard and prophet, who could transform himself into any shape he pleased. He is represented as carrying a sort of crook in his hand. Carpathos, now called Scarpanto.
“By the Carpathian wizard's hook.”
Milton: Comus, 893.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894