Called by the Hindus cheturanga (the four angas)—
i.e. the four members of the army- viz. elephants, horses,
chariots, and foot-soldiers; called by the ancient Persians
chetrang. The Arabs, who have neither c nor g, called it shetranj, which modern Persians corrupted into
sacchi, whence the Italian scacchi, German schach,
French echec, our chess. (See page 242, Checkmate)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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