Column at Boulogne
To commemorate the camp of Boulogne. This formidable army was
intended for the invasion of England. England also girded herself for
battle, and here the matter ended. The Column perpetuates the memory of
this threat. The Duke of York's Column, in London, at the top of
the steps leading into St. James's Park. Erected in 1830-1833 in
memory of Frederick, Duke of York, second son of George
III., who died in 1827. It is of the Tuscan order, was designed by
R. Wyatt, and is made of Aberdeenshire granite On the summit is a
statue of the duke by Sir R. Westmacott.
The Column of July.
1832, Paris; made of bronze, and erected on the spot where the
Bastille stood, to commemorate the revolution of July, 1830, when
Charles X. abdicated. It is surmounted with a statue of Liberty
standing on one foot.
In Trafalgar Square, London, was erected in 1843. The four lions,
by Landseer, were added in 1867. The order of the Column is Corinthian,
and the material Devonshire granite. The reliefs are (north side
) the battle of the Nile, where Nelson was wounded, (south side)
Nelson's death at the battle of Trafalgar, (east side) the
bombardment of Copenhagen; and (west side) the battle of St.
Vincent. The column is surmounted by a statue of Nelson by E. H. Baily.
Column of the Place Vendôme.
Paris, 1806-1810; made of bronze, and erected in honour of
Napoleon I. The spiral outside represents in bas-relief the battles of
Napoleon I., ending with Austerlitz in 1805. It is a facsimile of
In 1871 the statue of Napoleon, which surmounted this column, was
hurled to the ground by the Communists, but in 1874 a statue of Liberty
was substituted for the original one.
In Egypt, made of marble.
At Rome, made of marble, A.D. 114, by Apollodorus. It is 132 feet
in height, and has inside a spiral staircase of 185 steps, and 40
windows to let in light. It was surmounted by a statue of the Emperor
Trajan, but Sixtus V. supplanted the original statue by that of St.
Peter The spiral outside represents in bas-reliefs the battles of the
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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