Danaides

(4 syl.). Daughters of Danaos (King of Argos). They were fifty in number, and married the fifty sons of Ægyptos. They all but one murdered their husbands on their wedding-night, and were punished in the infernal regions by having to draw water everlastingly in sieves from a deep well.

This is an allegory. The followers of Danaos taught the Argives to dig wells, and irrigate their fields in the Egyptian manner. As the soil of Argos was very dry and porous, it was like a sieve.

The names of the fifty Danaïdes and their respective husbands are as follows:

Actaea wife of Periphas.

“ Adianta ” Daïphron.

“ Adyta ” Menalces.

“ Agave ” Lycos.

“ Amymone ” Encelados.

“ Anaxibia ” Archelaos.

“ Antodica ” Clytos.

“ Asteria ” Choetos.

“ Autholea ” Cisseus.

“ Automata ” Architelos.

“ Autonoe ” Eurylochos.

“ Brycea ” Chthonios.

“ Callidice ” Pandion.

“ Celeno ” Hyxobios.

“ Chrysippe ” Chrysippos.

“ Chrysothemis ” Asteris.

“ Cleodora ” Lixos.

“ Cleopatra ” Agenor.

“ Clio ” Asterias.

“ Critomedia ” Antipaphos.

“ Damone ” Amyntor.

“ Dioxippe ” Ægyptos.

“ Electra ” Peristhenes.

“ Erato ” Bromios.

“ Eupheno ” Hyperbios.

“ Eurydice ” Dryas.

“ Evippe ” Imbros.

“ Glauca ” Alcis.

“ Glaucippa ” Potamon.

“ Gorga ” Hyppothooa.

“ Gorgophon ” Proteus.

“ Helcita ” Cassos.

“ Hippodami'a ” Ister.

“ Hippodica ” Idras.

“ Hippomeduse ” Alcmenon.

“ Hyperippa ” Hippocoristes.

“ Hypermnestra ” Lynceus.

“ Iphimedusa ” Euchenor.

“ Mnestra ” Egios.

“ Ocypete ” Lampos.

“ Oime ” Arbelos.

“ Pharte ” Eurydamas.

“ Pilarga ” Idmon.

“ Pirene ” Agaptolemos.

“ Podarca ” Œneus.

“ Rhoda ” Hippolytos.

“ Rhodia ” Chalcedon.

“ Sthenela ” Sthenelos.

“ Stygna ” Polyctor.

“ Theano ” Phanthes.

Lynceus (2 syl.), the one saved by his wife, is marked with an asterisk (*).

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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