The heir of the French crown under the Valois and Bourbon
dynasties. Guy VIII., Count of Vienne, was the first so styled, because
he wore a dolphin as his cognisance. The title descended in the
family till 1349, when Humbert II., de la tour de Pisa, sold his
seigneurie, called the Dauphiné, to King Philippe VI. (de Valois), on
condition that the heir of France assumed the title of le dauphin.
The first French prince so called was Jean, who succeeded Philippe; and
the last was the Duc d'Angoulême, son of Charles IX., who renounced the
title in 1830.
Louis, Duc de Bourgogne, eldest son of Louis XIV., for whose use
was published the Latin classics entitled Ad Usum Delphini.
Second or Little Dauphin. Louis, son of the Grand Dauphin.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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