in Dryden's satire called Absalom and Achitophel,
represents Charles II.; Absalom, his beautiful but rebellious son,
represents the Duke of Monmouth; Achitophel, the traitorous counsellor,
is the Earl of Shaftesbury; Barzillaï, the faithful old man who
provided the kind sustenance, was the Duke of Ormond; Hushaï, who
defeated the counsel of Achitophel, was Hyde, Duke of Rochester; Zadok
the priest was Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury; Shimeï, who cursed
the king in his flight, was Bethel, the lord mayor; etc. etc. (2 Sam.
Once more the godlike David was restored,
And willing nations knew their lawful lord.
Dryden: Absatom and
Achitophel, part i.
or Dewid, was son of Xantus, Prince of Cereticu, now called
Cardiganshire; he was brought up a priest, became an ascetic in the
Isle of Wight, preached to the Britons, confuted Pelagius, and was
preferred to the see of Caerleon, since called St. David's. He died
544. (See Taffy.)
(Wales) was originally called Menevia (i.e. main aw, narrow
water or frith). Here St. David received his early education, and when
Dyvrig, Archbishop of Caerleon, resigned to him his see, St. David
removed the archiepiscopal residence to Menevia, which was henceforth
called by his name.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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