Demobilisation

of troops. The disorganisation of them, the disarming of them. This is a French military term. To “mobilise” troops is to render them liable to be moved on service out of their quarters; to “demobilise” them is to send them home, so that they cannot be moved from their quarters against anyone. To change from a war to a peace footing.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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