[diptik ]. A register folded into two leaves, opening
like our books, and not like the ancient scrolls. The Romans kept in a
book of this sort the names of their magistrates, and the Roman
Catholics employed the word for the registers in which were written the
names of those bishops, saints, and martyrs who were to be specially
commemorated when oblations were made for the dead. (Greek,
diptuchos, folded in two.)
“The Greeks executed small works of great elegance as may be seen in
the diptychs or ivory covers to consular records or sacred volumes used
in the church service.” —T. Flaxman Lectures on Sculpture iii.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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