(g hard), which means “complement,” is applied to the
second part of the Talmud, which consists of annotations, discussions,
and amplifications of the Jewish Mishna. There is the Babylonian Gemara and the Jerusalem Gemara. The former, which is the
more complete, is by the academies of Babylon; the latter by those of
“Scribes and Pharisees ... set little value on the study of the Law
itself, but much on that of the commentaries of the rabbis, now
embodied in the Mishna and Gemara.” —Geikie: Life of
Christ, vol. ii. ch. xxxvi. p. 64.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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