(g soft) is not the Julyflower, but the
French giroflée, from girofle (a clove), called by
Chaucer “gilofre.” The common stock, the wallflower, the rocket, the
clove pink, and several other plants are so called. (Greek karuophullon; Latin, caryophyllum, the clove gillyflower.)
The fairest flowers o' the season
Are our carnations and streaked gillyflowers.
Shakespeare: Winter's Tale, iv. 2.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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