A tribe of Cuthites (2 syl.), driven out of Assyria by Aralius
and the Shemites. They founded in Egypt a dynasty called Hyksos
(shepherd kings), a title assumed by all the Cuthite chiefs. This
dynasty, which gave Egypt six or eight kings, lasted 259 years, when
the whole horde was driven from Egypt, and retired to Palestine. It is
from these refugees that the lords of the Philistines arose. The word
is compounded of hyk (king) and sos (shepherd).
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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