(Jewish). The year of jubilee. Every fiftieth year, when
land that had passed out of the possession of those to whom it
originally belonged was restored to them; all who had been reduced to
poverty, and were obliged to let themselves out for hire, were released
from bondage; and all debts were cancelled. The word is from jobil
(a ram's horn), so called because it was proclaimed with trumpets of
rams' horns. (See Leviticus
xxv. 11-34, 39-54; and xxvii. 16-24.)
(in the Catholic Church). Every twenty-fifth year, for the purpose
of granting indulgences. Boniface
VIII. instituted it in 1300, and ordered it to be observed every
hundred years. Clement VI. reduced the interval to fifty years, Urban
IV. to thirty, and Sixtus IV. to twenty-five.
celebrated in Germany in 1617, the centenary of the Reformation. Shakespeare Jubilee,
held at Stratford-on-Avon, September 6th,
to commemorate the commencement of the fiftieth year of the reign
of George III., October 25th, 1809.
to celebrate the close of the Revolutionary War, August 1st, 1814.
1887. The Jubilee
to commemorate the fiftieth year of the reign
of Queen Victoria.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894