The language spoken by the people of Latium, in Italy. The
Latins are called aborigines of Italy. Alba Longa was head of the Latin
League, and, as Rome was a colony of Alba Longa, it is plain to see how
the Roman tongue was Latin. x
“The earliest extant specimen of the Latin language is a fragment of
the hymn of the Fratres Arvales (3 syl.). a'priestly brotherhood, which
offered, every 10th of May, a public sacrifice for the fertility of the
fields.” Sellar: Roman Poets of the Republic, chap. ii. p. 34.
The Latin of the best authors about the time of Augustus, as Livy,
Tacitus, and Cicero (prose), Horace, Virgil, and Ovid (poets).
The period which followed the Augustan age. This period contains
the Church Fathers. Low Latin.
Mediæval Latin, mainly bastard
German, French, Italian, Spanish, and so on.
Latin from the sixth to the sixteenth century A.D., both inclusive.
In this Latin, prepositions frequently supply the cases of nouns.
That which followed the revival of letters in the sixteenth
“Latium. The tale is that this word is from lateo, to lie hid,
and was so called because Saturn lay hid there, when he was driven out
of heaven by the gods.”
The Latin Church.
The Western Church, in contradistinction to the Greek or Eastern
Church. The Latin cross.
The Greek cross has four equal arms, thus: +
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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