with the ancient alchemists, designated iron.
Under this planet “is borne theves and robbers nyght walkers
and quarell pykers, bosters, mockers, and skoffers; and these men of
Mars causeth warre, and murther, and batayle. They wyll be gladly
smythes or workers of yron lyers, gret swerers. ... He is red and angry
... a great walker, and a maker of swordes and knyves, and a sheder of
mannes blode ... and good to be a barboure and a blode letter, and to
(Compost of Ptholomeus.)
Mars, in Camoën's Lusiad, is “divine fortitude” personified.
As Bacchus, the evil demon, is the guardian power of Mahometanism: so
Mars or divine fortitude is the guardian power of Christianity.
The Mars of Portugal.
Alfonso de Albuquerque, Viceroy of India. (1452-1515.)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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