or Marianne. A slang name for the guillotine. (See below.)
Mary Anne Associations
Secret republican societies in France. The name comes about
thus: Ravaillac was instigated to assasinate Henri IV. by reading the
treatise De Rege et Regio Institutione
, by Mariana, and as
Mariana inspired Ravaillac “to deliver France”, the republican party
was called the Mary-Anne.
“The Mary Annes, which are essentially republicans, are scattered
about all the French provinces.” —Disraeli: Lothair.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894