One of the seven “wonders of the world;” so called from
Mausolus, King of Caria, to whom Artemisia (his wife) erected at
Halicarnassos a splendid sepulchral monument B.C. 353. Parts of this
sepulchre are now in the British Museum.
The chief mausoleums, besides the one referred to above, are: the
mausoleum of Augustus; that of Hadrian, now called the castle of St.
Angelo, at Rome; that erected in France to Henry II. by Catherinede
Medicis; that of St. Peter the Martyr in the church of St. Eustatius,
by G. Balduccio in the fourteenth century; and that erected to the
memory of Louis XVI.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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