in alchemy, was that agent which brought about the
transmutation of metals, or renewed old age; the philosopher's stone,
and the elixir of life.
How much unlike art thou, Mark Antony!
Yet, coming from him, that great medicine hath
With his tinct gilded thee.
Shakespeare: Antony and Cleopatra. l. 5.
Father of Medicine.
Aretæos of Capadocia, who lived at the close of the first and
beginning of the second century, and Hippocrates of Cos (B.C. 460-357)
are both so called.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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