Connected with must, In 1382 Philip the Bold, Duke of
Burgundy, granted to the town of Dijon, noted for its mustard, armorial
bearings with the motto MOULT ME TARDE (Multum ardeo, I ardently
desire). The arms and motto, engraved on the principal gate, were
adopted as a trade-mark by the mustard merchants, and got shortened
into Moult-tarde (to burn much).
The pasturtium is of the mustard family, in Spanish masturcio; and the Italian mustarda is mustard.
After meat, mustard. I have now no longer need of it. “C'est
de la moutarde après diner.”
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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