(The). So called, according to fable, from Paeon, the
physician who cured the wounds received by the gods in the Trojan war.
The seeds were, at one time, worn round the neck as a charm against the
powers of darkness. Virgil and Ovid speak of its sanative virtues.
Others tell us Paeon was a chieftain who discovered the plant.
“Vetustissima inventu paeonia est, nomenque auctoris retinet, quam
quidam pentorobon appellant, alii glycysiden.” —Pliny, xxv. 10.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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