Peruke

or Periwig. Menage ingeniously derives these words from the Latin pilus (“hair”). Thus, pilus, pelus, pelutus, peluticus, pelutica, peru'a, perruque. The wigs are first mentioned in the 16th century; in the next century they became very large. The fashion began to wane in the reign of George III. Periwig is a corrupt form of the French word perruque

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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