It appears from the Journal of George Fox, who was
imprisoned for nearly twelve months in Derby, that the Quakers first
obtained the appellation (1650) by which they are now known from the
following circumstance:- “Justice Bennet, of Derby,” says Fox, “was
the first to call us Quakers, because I bade him quake and tremble at
the word of the Lord.” The system of the Quakers is laid down by Robert
Barclay in fifteen theses, called Barclay's Apology, addressed
to Charles II.
Quakers (that, like lanterns, bear
Their light within them) will not swear.
Butler: Hudibras, ii. 2.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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