A Greek version of the Old Testament, so called because it was
made, in round numbers, by seventy Jews; more correctly speaking, by
seventy-two. Dr. Campbell disapproves of this derivation, and says it
was so called because it was sanctioned and authorised by the Jewish
Sanhedrim or great council, which consisted of seventy members besides
the high priest. This derivation falls in better with the modern notion
that the version was made at different times by different translators
between B.C. 270 and 130. (Latin, septuaginta, seventy.)
The Septuagint contains the Apocrypha According to legend, the
Septuagint was made at Alexandria by seventy-two Jews in seventy-two
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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