Sybarite

(3 syl.). A self-indulgent person; a wanton. The inhabitants of Sybaris, in South Italy, were proverbial for their luxurious living and self-indulgence. A tale is told by Seneca of a Sybarite who complained that he could not rest comfortably at night, and being asked why, replied, “He found a rose-leaf doubled under him, and it hurt him.” (See Ripaille.)

All is calm as would delight the heart
Of Sybarite of old.

Thomson: Castle of Indolence, canto i.

Sybarite.
The Sybarites taught their horses to dance to the sound of a pipe. When the Crotonians marched against Sybaris they began to play on their pipes, whereupon all the Sybarite horses drawn out in array before the town began to dance, disorder soon prevailed in the ranks, and the victory was quick and easy.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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