Syllogism

The five hexameter verses which contain the symbolic names of all the different syllogistic figures are as follow:

“Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferioque, prioris.

Cesare, Camestres, Festino, Baroko, secundoe. Tertia, Darapti, Disamis, Datisi, Felapton,

Bokardo, Ferison, habet. Quarta insuper addit

Bramantip, Camenes, Dimaris, Fesapo, Fresison.

N.B. The vowel

A
universal affirmative.

E
universal negative.

I
particular affirmative.

O
particular negative.

Taking the first line as the standard, the initial letters of all the words below it show to which standard the syllogism is to be reduced; thus, Baroko is to be reduced to “Barbara,” Cesare to “Celarent,” and so on.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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