A magnum of wine is two quarts; a
tappit-hen of wine or rum is a double magnum; a
jeroboam of wine or rum is a double
“tappit-hen”; and a rehoboam (q.v.)
is a double jeroboam.
The French say of wine that makes you stupid, it
is vin d'âne; if it makes you
maudlin, it is vin de cerf (from the notion
that deer weep); if quarrel-some, it is vin de
lion; if talkative, it is vin de
pie; if sick, it is vin de porc;
if crafty, it is vin de renard; if rude, it
is vin de singe. (See below.)
Win of ape (Chaucer). “I trow
that ye have drunken win of
ape”—i.e. wine to make you
drunk; in French, vin de singe. There is a
Talmud parable which says that Satan came one day to drink with
Noah, and slew a lamb, a lion, a pig, and an ape, to teach Noah
that man before wine is in him is a lamb,
when he drinks moderately he is a lion,
when like a sot he is a swine, but after
that any further excess makes him an ape
that senselessly chatters and jabbers.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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