COMPUTERS

An electronic machine that uses binary code to store and process data is a computer. Binary code can represent numbers, text, sounds, pictures, and movies. This data is stored in the computer’s memory and on magnetic disks, CD-ROMs, and DVDs.

LAPTOP COMPUTER

All the components of a personal computer can be built into a convenient folding package the size of a book. Some laptops use wireless technology to interact with printers, scanners, and other devices by radio waves. Through wireless telephone links, you can log on to the Internet to send emails from your laptop.

WHAT IS MEMORY?

Data is stored in binary code on microchips. They are made up of millions of transistors that are on or off—1 or 0 in binary code. The capacity (size) of a memory chip is measured in megabytes (MB). One byte is an eight-digit binary number. One megabyte is just over one million bytes of information.

WHAT IS A MICROPROCESSOR?

A microprocessor is a computer’s brain. It is an integrated circuit made of millions of transistors. It carries out the instructions (the programs) that make a computer operate. Everything the computer does is broken down into simple steps. The power of a microprocessor is measured by how fast it carries out these instructions.

HOW IS VIRTUAL REALITY CREATED?

Virtual reality controls what you see, and responds to your movements and actions. When you wear virtual reality goggles, the scene you see changes as you move. Sensors on special gloves, or a body suit, allow you to interact with the scene by pointing or touching. Sounds increase the experience of reality.

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Electronics
Robots

Copyright © 2007 Dorling Kindersley