PROFILES

Acanthopholis “Spiny scales”
Albertosaurus “lizard from Alberta”
Allosaurus “different lizard”
Anchisaurus “near lizard”
Anhanguera “old devil”
Ankylosaurus “fused lizard”
Apatosaurus “deceptive lizard”
Archaeopteryx “ancient wing”
Barapasaurus “big leg”
Barosaurus “heavy lizard”
Baryonyx “heavy claw”
Brachiosaurus “armed lizard”
Brachylophosaurus “short-crested lizard”
Camarasaurus “chambered lizard”
Camptosaurus “flexible lizard”
Carcharodontosaurus “shark-toothed lizard”
Carnotaurus “flesh-eating”
Ceratosaurus “horned lizard”
Coelophysis “hollow form”
Compsognathus “pretty jaw”
Corythosaurus “helmet lizard”
Cryolophosaurus “frozen-crested lizard”
Deinonychus “terrible claw”
Diplodocus “double-beamed”
Dilophosaurus “two-ridge lizard”
Dromaeosaurus “running lizard”
Dryosaurus “Oak tree lizard”
Dsungaripterus “Junggar basin wing”
Edmontonia “from Edmonton”
Edmontosaurus “Edmonton lizard”
Elasmosaurus “thin-plated lizard”
Eoraptor “dawn raptor”
Euoplocephalus “well-armoured lizard”
Gallimimus “rooster mimic”
Gastonia “for Gaston”
Gigantosaurus “giant southern lizard”
Hadrosaurus “bulky lizard”
Herrerasaurus “Herrera’s lizard”
Heterodontosaurus “different-toothed lizard”
Hylaeosaurus “woodland lizard”
Hypsilophodon “high-crested tooth”
Ichthyosaurus “fish lizard”
Iguanodon “Iguana tooth”
Kronosaurus “Krono’s lizard”
Lambeosaurus “Lambe’s lizard”
Leaellynasaura “Leaellyn’s lizard”
Lesothosaurus “Lesotho lizard”
Maiasaura “good mother lizard”
Mamenchisaurus “Mamexi lizard”
Megalosaurus “great lizard”
Mussaurus “mouse lizard”
Nothosaurus “southern lizard”
Orodromeus “mountain runner”
Ouranosaurus “brave lizard”
Oviraptor “egg robber”
Pachycephalosaurus “thick-headed lizard”
Pachyrhinosaurus “thick-nosed lizard”
Parasauropholus “beside Sauropholus”
Pentaceratops “five-horned face”
Phuwiangosaurus “Phu Wiang lizard”
Plateosaurus “flat lizard”
Protoceratops “first-horned face”
Psittacosaurus “parrot lizard”
Pteranodon “winged and toothless”
Pterodactylus “winged finger”
Rhamphorhynchus “beak snout”
Saltasaurus “Salta Province lizard”
Scelidosaurus “limb lizard”
Seismosaurus “quake lizard”
Spinosaurus “spiny lizard”
Stegosaurus “roof lizard”
Styracosaurus “spiked lizard”
Suchomimus “crocodile mimic”
Thescelosaurus “wonderful lizard”
Titanosaurus “Titan lizard”
Triceratops “horrible three-horned face”
Troodon “wounding tooth”
Tropeognathus “keel jaw”
Tylosaurus “swollen lizard”
Tyrannosaurus “tyrant lizard”
Velociraptor “speedy thief”
Vulcanodon “vulcan tooth”
Xuanhanosaurus “Xuanhan County lizard”

Dinosaur fossils have been found all over the world, and more are being found all the time. Each time a new fossil is examined by a palaeontologist or other scientist, more information is gleaned about how and where the animal lived. The dinosaur profiles in this section summarize what is known today about the dinosaurs that appear in this work.

Acanthopholis “Spiny scales”

Pronunciation: a-KAN-tho-FOLE-is
Maximum length: 4 m (13 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: rivers, woodland
Fossil finds: South America (Bolivia), Europe (England)

Albertosaurus “lizard from Alberta”

Pronunciation: al-BERT-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 8 m (26 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: hunted and scavenged meat
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (USA, Canada)

Allosaurus “different lizard”

Pronunciation: AL-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 12 m (39 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: meat
Habitat: open countryside
Fossil finds: North America (western USA), Australia

Anchisaurus “near lizard”

Pronunciation: AN-ki-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 2.5 m (8 ft)
Time: Early Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: dry savannah
Fossil finds: North America (Connecticut, Massachusetts)

Anhanguera “old devil”

Pronunciation: AN-han-GER-a
Wingspan: 4.5 m (15 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: fish
Habitat: coastal regions
Fossil finds: South America (Brazil)

Ankylosaurus “fused lizard”

Pronunciation: an-KY-low-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 10.5 m (34 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: forests
Fossil finds: North America (Montana, USA; Alberta, Canada), South America (Bolivia)

Apatosaurus “deceptive lizard”

Pronunciation: a-PAT-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 21 m (69 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: flood plain
Fossil finds: North America (Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming)

Archaeopteryx “ancient wing”

Pronunciation: ar-kee-OP-ter-ix
Wingspan: 0.5 m (1 ft 6 in)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: small animals
Habitat: tropical desert islands
Fossil finds: western Europe

Barapasaurus “big leg”

Pronunciation: ba-RA-pa-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 18 m (59 ft)
Time: Early Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: low-lying flood plain
Fossil finds: Asia (India)

Barosaurus “heavy lizard”

Pronunciation: BAR-o-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 27 m (89 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: flood plain
Fossil finds: North America (western USA), Africa (Tanzania)

Baryonyx “heavy claw”

Pronunciation: BAR-ee-ON-ix
Maximum length: 9.5 m (31 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: fish
Habitat: rivers, woodlands
Fossil finds: Europe (England)

Brachiosaurus “armed lizard”

Pronunciation: BRACK-ee-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 25 m (82 ft)
Time: Middle to Late Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: Africa (Tanzania), Europe (Portugal), North America

Brachylophosaurus “short-crested lizard”

Pronunciation brack-ee-LOAF-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 7 m (23 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: swamps
Fossil finds: North America (Alberta, Canada)

Camarasaurus “chambered lizard”

Pronunciation: kam-AR-a-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 18 m (59 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: flood plain
Fossil finds: North America (Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming), Europe (Portugal)

Camptosaurus “flexible lizard”

Pronunciation: KAMP-toe-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 7 m (23 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: wooded lowlands
Fossil finds: North America (Utah), Europe

Carcharodontosaurus “shark-toothed lizard”

Pronunciation: kar-KAR-oh-DONT-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 13.5 m (40 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: hunted and scavenged meat
Habitat: wooded river valleys
Fossil finds: North Africa (Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Niger)

Carnotaurus “flesh-eating”

Pronunciation: KAR-noh-TOR-us
Maximum length:7.5 m (25 ft)
Time: Middle to Late Cretaceous
Diet: meat
Habitat: arid plains
Fossil finds: South America (Argentina)

Ceratosaurus “horned lizard”

Pronunciation: SER-a-toe-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 6 m (20 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: hunted and scavenged meat
Habitat: open countryside
Fossil finds: North America (Colorado, Utah), Africa (Tanzania)

Coelophysis “hollow form”

Pronunciation: SEEL-oh-FY-sis
Maximum length: 2.8 m (9 ft)
Time: Late Triassic
Diet: reptiles, fish, other dinosaurs
Habitat: dry savannah
Fossil finds: North America (Arizona, Utah, New Mexico)

Compsognathus “pretty jaw”

Pronunciation: KOMP-sow-NAY-thus
Maximum length: 1.4 m (4 ft 6 in)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: insects, lizards, other small animals
Habitat: desert islands
Fossil finds: Europe (Germany, France)

Corythosaurus “helmet lizard”

Pronunciation: ko-RITH-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 10 m (33 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: forests
Fossil finds: North America (Montana, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Cryolophosaurus “frozen-crested lizard”

Pronunciation: KRIE-ol-lof-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 6 m (20 ft)
Time: Early Jurassic
Diet: hunted prosauropods and other planteating dinosaurs
Habitat: moist riverside
Fossil finds: Antarctica

Deinonychus “terrible claw”

Pronunciation: DIE-no-NIKE-us
Maximum length: 3 m (10 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: meat
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Montana, Utah, Wyoming)

Diplodocus “double-beamed”

Pronunciation: dip-LOD-oh-kus
Maximum length: 27 m (89 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: flood plain
Fossil finds: North America (Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming)

Dilophosaurus “two-ridge lizard”

Pronunciation: DYE-lo-fuh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 6 m (20 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: meat
Habitat: scrub and open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Arizona), China

Dromaeosaurus “running lizard”

Pronunciation: DROME-ee-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 1.8 m (6 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: meat, including other dinosaurs
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Montana, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Dryosaurus “Oak tree lizard”

Pronunciation: DRY-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 3 m (10 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: low-growing plants
Habitat: forest
Fossil finds: Africa (Tanzania), North America (Colorado, Wyoming)

Dsungaripterus “Junggar basin wing”

Pronunciation: JUNG-gah-RIP-te-rus
Wingspan: 3 m (10 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: fish, molluscs, seashore animals
Habitat: coastal shores
Fossil finds: Asia (China)

Edmontonia “from Edmonton”

Pronunciation: ed-MONT-oh-NIA
Maximum length: 7 m (23 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: low-growing plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Alberta in Canada, Alaska, Montana in USA)

Edmontosaurus “Edmonton lizard”

Pronunciation: ed-MONT-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 13 m (43 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: swamps
Fossil finds: North America (Wyoming, Montana, and New Jersey, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Elasmosaurus “thin-plated lizard”

Pronunciation: ee-LAZ-mo-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 14 m (46 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: fish, swimming molluscs
Habitat: shallow seas
Fossil finds: North America (Wyoming, Kansas), Asia (Japan)

Eoraptor “dawn raptor”

Pronunciation: ee-oh-RAP-tor
Maximum length: 1 m (3 ft)
Time: Late Triassic
Diet: hunted and scavenged meat
Habitat: river valleys
Fossil finds: South America (Argentina)

Euoplocephalus “well-armoured lizard”

Pronunciation: you-op-luh-SEF-uh-lus
Maximum length: 7 m (23 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Montana, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Gallimimus “rooster mimic”

Pronunciation: GAL-ih-MIME-us
Maximum length: 6 m (20 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: insects, lizards, eggs, plants
Habitat: river valleys
Fossil finds: Asia (Mongolia)

Gastonia “for Gaston”

Pronunciation: gas-TONE-ia
Maximum length: 5 m (16 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Utah)

Gigantosaurus “giant southern lizard”

Pronunciation: gi-GANT-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 13 m (43 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: meat
Habitat: flood plain
Fossil finds: South America (Argentina)

Hadrosaurus “bulky lizard”

Pronunciation: HAD-roe-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 10 m (33 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: wooded lowlands
Fossil finds: North America (New Jersey, Montana, and New Mexico, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Herrerasaurus “Herrera’s lizard”

Pronunciation: her-rare-uh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 4 m (13 ft)
Time: Late Triassic
Diet: meat
Habitat: river valleys
Fossil finds: South America (Argentina)

Heterodontosaurus “different-toothed lizard”

Pronunciation: HET-er-oh-DONT-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 1.3 m (4 ft)
Time: Late Triassic to Early Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: dry lowlands
Fossil finds: Africa (South Africa)

Hylaeosaurus “woodland lizard”

Pronunciation: HY-lee-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 4 m (13 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: South America (Bolivia), England

Hypsilophodon “high-crested tooth”

Pronunciation: hip-see-LOAF-oh-don
Maximum length: 2.3 m (6 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: low-growing plants
Habitat: woodlands
Fossil finds: Europe (UK, Spain, Portugal), North America (South Dakota, USA)

Ichthyosaurus “fish lizard”

Pronunciation: ICK-thee-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 3 m (10 ft)
Time: Early Jurassic to Early Cretaceous
Diet: fish, squid
Habitat: open ocean
Fossil finds: North America (Alberta, Canada), Greenland, Europe (England, Germany), South America

Iguanodon “Iguana tooth”

Pronunciation: ig-WA-no-DON
Maximum length: 12 m (40 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: leaves, branches, fronds, ferns
Habitat: woodlands
Fossil finds: Europe, North Africa, Asia (Mongolia), North America

Kronosaurus “Krono’s lizard”

Pronunciation: kro-no-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 9 m (30 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: marine reptiles, fish, molluscs
Habitat: open ocean
Fossil finds: Australia (Queensland), South America (Columbia)

Lambeosaurus “Lambe’s lizard”

Pronunciation: LAM-bee-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 15 m (49 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: pine needles, leaves, twigs
Habitat: forests
Fossil finds: North America (Montana, USA; Alberta, Canada), Mexico (Baja California)

Leaellynasaura “Leaellyn’s lizard”

Pronunciation: lee-AL-in-ah-SAW-ra
Maximum length: 3 m (10 ft)
Time: Middle Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: cold, icy regions
Fossil finds: Australia (Victoria)

Lesothosaurus “Lesotho lizard”

Pronunciation: leh-SOTH-uh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 1 m (3 ft)
Time: Early Jurassic
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: semi-deserts
Fossil finds: South America (Venezuela), southern Africa (Lesotho)

Maiasaura “good mother lizard”

Pronunciation: MY-a-SAW-ra
Maximum length: 9 m (30 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: wooded riverbanks
Fossil finds: North America

Mamenchisaurus “Mamexi lizard”

Pronunciation: ma-MENCH-ih-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 25 m (82 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: flood plain
Fossil finds: Asia (China)

Megalosaurus “great lizard”

Pronunciation: MEG-a-low-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 9 m (30 ft)
Time: Middle Jurassic
Diet: meat
Habitat: coastal woodland
Fossil finds: Europe (UK, France), Africa (Morocco)

Mussaurus “mouse lizard”

Pronunciation: muss-AW-rus
Maximum length: 3 m (10 ft)
Time: Late Triassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: dry desert
Fossil finds: South America (Argentina)

Nothosaurus “southern lizard”

Pronunciation: NOTH-uh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 3 m (10 ft)
Time: Triassic
Diet: fish
Habitat: shallow tropical seas
Fossil finds: Europe (Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Switzerland), North Africa, Asia, (Russia, China, Israel)

Orodromeus “mountain runner”

Pronunciation: OR-ro-DRO-me-us
Maximum length: 2.5 m (8 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Montana)

Ouranosaurus “brave lizard”

Pronunciation: oo-RAN-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 7 m (23 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: flood plains
Fossil finds: Africa (Niger)

Oviraptor “egg robber”

Pronunciation: OVE-ih-RAP-tor
Maximum length: 2.5 m (8 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: meat, eggs
Habitat: semi-desert
Fossil finds: central Asia (Mongolia)

Pachycephalosaurus “thick-headed lizard”

Pronunciation: PAK-ee-KEF-al-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 4.6 m (15 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: leaves, fruit, small animals
Habitat: forests
Fossil finds: North America (USA; Alberta, Canada), Europe (UK), Asia (Mongolia), Africa (Madagascar)

Pachyrhinosaurus “thick-nosed lizard”

Pronunciation: PAK-ee-RINE-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 7 m (23 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: cycads and other plants
Habitat: forests
Fossil finds: North America (Alberta, Canada, and Alaska, USA)

Parasauropholus “beside Sauropholus”

Pronunciation: par-a-SAWR-oh-LOAF-us
Maximum length: 12 m (40 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: pine needles, leaves, twigs
Habitat: swamps
Fossil finds: North America (New Mexico and Utah, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Pentaceratops “five-horned face”

Pronunciation: PEN-ta-SER-a-tops
Maximum length: 8 m (26 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: cycads, palms, and other plants
Habitat: swamps, forests
Fossil finds: North America (New Mexico)

Phuwiangosaurus “Phu Wiang lizard”

Pronunciation: poo-WYAHNG-o-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 30 m (102 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: tropical woodland
Fossil finds: Asia (Thailand)

Plateosaurus “flat lizard”

Pronunciation: PLAT-ee-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 8 m (26 ft)
Time: Late Triassic
Diet: conifers, cycads, and other plants
Habitat: dry desert

Protoceratops “first-horned face”

Pronunciation: pro-toe-SER-a-tops
Maximum length: 2.5 m (8 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: desert-like scrubland
Fossil finds: Asia (Mongolia, China)

Psittacosaurus “parrot lizard”

Pronunciation: si-TAK-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 2.5 m (8 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: plants, small animals
Habitat: desert-like scrubland
Fossil finds: Asia (Mongolia, China, Thailand)

Pteranodon “winged and toothless”

Pronunciation: ter-AN-uh-don
Wingspan: 9 m (30 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: fish, molluscs, shore animals
Habitat: shallow intercontinental seas
Fossil finds: North America (South Dakota, Kansas, Oregon in USA), Europe (England), Asia (Japan)

Pterodactylus “winged finger”

Pronunciation: TER-uh-DAK-ti-lus
Wingspan: 1 m (3 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: fish, insects
Habitat: coastal plains and cliffs
Fossil finds: Europe (England, France, Germany), Africa (Tanzania)

Rhamphorhynchus “beak snout”

Pronunciation: RAM-for-RINE-cus
Wingspan: 1.75 cm (4 in)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: fish
Habitat: coastal plains and cliffs
Fossil finds: Europe (Germany, England), Africa (Tanzania)

Saltasaurus “Salta Province lizard”

Pronunciation: SALT-a-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 12 m (40 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: lowlands
Fossil finds: South America (Argentina, Uruguay)

Scelidosaurus “limb lizard”

Pronunciation: skel-IDE-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 4 m (13 ft)
Time: Early Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: river valleys
Fossil finds: Europe, North America (Arizona, USA)

Seismosaurus “quake lizard”

Pronunciation: SIZE-mo-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 52 m (171 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: conifers and other plants
Habitat: flood plain

Spinosaurus “spiny lizard”

Pronunciation: SPINE-o-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 15 m (49 ft)
Time: Middle Cretaceous
Diet: fish, other dinosaurs, may have scavenged
Habitat: wooded river valleys
Fossil finds: Africa (Egypt, Morocco)

Stegosaurus “roof lizard”

Pronunciation: STEG-o-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 9 m (30 ft)
Time: Late Jurassic
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Utah, Wyoming, Colorado), Europe (UK), Asia (India, China), Africa

Styracosaurus “spiked lizard”

Pronunciation: sty-RAK-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 5 m (16 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: ferns, cycads, and other plants
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Arizona and Montana, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Suchomimus “crocodile mimic”

Pronunciation: SOOK-o-MIEM-us
Maximum length: 11 m (36 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: fish, meat
Habitat: flood plain
Fossil finds: Africa (Niger)

Thescelosaurus “wonderful lizard”

Pronunciation: THES-kel-o-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 4 m (13 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: wooded lowlands
Fossil finds: North America (Montana, South Dakota, and Wyoming, USA; Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada)

Titanosaurus “Titan lizard”

Pronunciation: tie-TAN-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 20 m (66 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: plants
Habitat: open plains
Fossil finds: South America (Argentina), Europe (France), Asia (India), Africa (Madagascar)

Triceratops “horrible three-horned face”

Pronunciation: try-SER-a-tops
Maximum length: 9 m (30 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: low-lying plants
Habitat: forests
Fossil finds: western North America

Troodon “wounding tooth”

Pronunciation: TROE-o-don
Maximum length: 3.5 m (11 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: meat
Habitat: open woodland
Fossil finds: North America (Montana and Wyoming, USA; Alberta, Canada)

Tropeognathus “keel jaw”

Pronunciation: TRO-peog-NA-thus
Wingspan: 6 m (20 ft)
Time: Early Cretaceous
Diet: fish, squid
Habitat: open ocean
Fossil finds: South America (Brazil)

Tylosaurus “swollen lizard”

Pronunciation: TIE-lo-SAW-rus
Wingspan: 8 m (26 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: fish, squid, turtles
Habitat: open ocean
Fossil finds: North America (Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Kansas, Colorado, Alabama, Mississippi), Europe (Belgium)

Tyrannosaurus “tyrant lizard”

Pronunciation: tie-RAN-oh-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 12 m (39 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: hunted and scavenged meat
Habitat: forests
Fossil finds: western North America, Asia (Mongolia)

Velociraptor “speedy thief”

Pronunciation: vel-O-si-RAP-tor
Maximum length: 2 m (6 ft)
Time: Late Cretaceous
Diet: meat, including other dinosaurs
Habitat: dry desert
Fossil finds: Asia (Mongolia, China)

Vulcanodon “vulcan tooth”

Pronunciation: vul-KAN-oh-don
Maximum length: 6.5 m (21 ft)
Time: Early Jurassic
Diet: plants
Habitat: dry savannah
Fossil finds: Africa (Zimbabwe)

Xuanhanosaurus “Xuanhan County lizard”

Pronunciation: zwan-HAN-o-SAW-rus
Maximum length: 6 m (20 ft)
Time: Middle Jurassic
Diet: meat
Habitat: wet lowland areas
Fossil finds: Asia (China)
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