academies of art

academies of art, official organizations of established artists. Lorenzo de' Medici's informal circle of great artists and thinkers was modeled on similar groups formed in classical Greece. The first official academy, the Accademia del Disegno, was founded in Florence by Vasari in 1561. Offshoots of this were the prototypes for the powerful Academie royale de peinture et de sculpture founded in 1648, the first of many French academies. The academies dictated elaborate conventions and aesthetic doctrines for the manufacture of works of art and the term "academic" came to imply derivative rather than creative work. The English Royal Academy, founded in 1768, now serves primarily as an art school and exhibition facility. The American Academy in Rome is a school that embraces many fields, including music and classical studies.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on academies of art from Fact Monster:

  • Royal Academy of Arts - Royal Academy of Arts Royal Academy of Arts, London, the national academy of art of England, ...
  • What does it mean? sub rosa - sub rosa Which of these organizations is most likely to engage in sub rosa activities? a.) The CIA. ...
  • William Hunter - Hunter, William Hunter, William, 1718–83, Scottish physician. He was famous as a lecturer, as ...
  • John Lowell, American jurist - Lowell, John Lowell, John, 1743–1802, American jurist, b. Newburyport, Mass. He became (1762) ...
  • Conwy - Conwy Conwy, formerly Conway,town (1981 pop. 12,969), Conwy, N Wales, at the mouth of the Conwy ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Art: General