See L. Sickman and A. Soper, The Art and Architecture of China (1956); O. Sirén, Chinese Painting (7 vol., 1956–58); J. Cahill, The Art of Southern Sung China (1979) and The Distant Mountains: Chinese Painting of the Late Ming Dynasty, 1570–1644 (1982); W. C. Fong, Beyond Representation (1992); M. Chiu, Art and China's Revolution (2008); M. Sullivan, The Arts of China (5th ed., rev. and expanded, 2008); N. Berliner, ed., The Emperor's Forbidden Palace (museum catalog, 2010); J. C. Y. Watt, ed., The World of Khubilai Khan: Chinese Art in the Yuan Dynasty (2010); Wu Hung et al., ed., Contemporary Chinese Art (2010); Lü Peng, A History of Art in 20th Century China (tr. 2010); G. Minglu, Total Modernity and the Avant-Garde in Twentieth Century Chinese Art (2011).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.