Troilus and Cressida

Troilus and Cressida (troiˈləs, krĕsˈĭdə) [key], a medieval romance distantly related to characters in Greek legend. Troilus, a Trojan prince (son of Priam and Hecuba), fell in love with Cressida (Chryseis), daughter of Calchas. When she was exchanged for a Trojan prisoner of war, Cressida swore to be faithful to Troilus, but then deceived him with Diomed. Troilus was killed by Achilles. This story appeared first in Benoît de Sainte-More, from whom Boccaccio drew for his Filostrato. Chaucer and Shakespeare also used this legend.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Troilus and Cressida from Fact Monster:

  • Cressida, in medieval romance - Cressida Cressida, in medieval romance: see Troilus and Cressida.
  • Pandarus - Pandarus Pandarus , in Greek legend, a Trojan warrior. In the Trojan War (as recounted in ...
  • Chryseis - Chryseis Chryseis , in the Iliad, a woman captured by Agamemnon. When ransom efforts failed, her ...
  • Benoît de Sainte-More - Benoît de Sainte-More Benoît de Sainte-More or Benoît de Sainte-Maure, ...
  • Franco Zeffirelli-Cosi - Zeffirelli-Cosi, Franco Zeffirelli-Cosi, Franco , 1923–, Italian opera, stage, and film ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: English Literature to 1499