Asculum (ăˈskyŏləm) [key], ancient town, Apulia, SE Italy, 18 mi (29 km) S of Foggia, on a branch of the Appian Way. Here Pyrrhus won a hard-fought battle against the Romans in 279 B.C. Modern Ascoli Satriano is in the region. The name also appears as Ausculum.
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