bantustan

bantustan, in 20th-century South African history, territory that was set aside under apartheid for black South Africans and slated for eventual independence. Ten bantustans (later generally referred to as homelands), covering 14% of the country's land, were created from the former "native reserves." Four were proclaimed independent—Transkei (1976), Bophuthatswana (1977), Venda (1979), and Ciskei (1981)—but no foreign government recognized them as independent nations. Citizens of independent homelands lost the limited rights they had as South Africans. Under the South African constitution that was approved in 1993 and ended white rule, South African citizenship was restored to homeland residents, and the homelands were abolished.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on bantustan from Fact Monster:

  • apartheid: The Bantustans - The Bantustans In 1962 the South African government established the first of the Bantustans, the ...
  • apartheid - apartheid apartheid [Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of ...
  • apartheid: Separate Development Policy - Separate Development Policy Under the prime ministership of Hendrik Verwoerd apartheid developed ...
  • Ulundi - Ulundi Ulundi [Zulu,=the high place], town (1991 pop. 11,102), cocapital (with the city of ...
  • Venda - Venda Venda , former black “homeland” and nominal republic, NE South Africa. It ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Southern African History