Bubastis

Bubastis (byōbăsˈtĭs) [key], ancient city, NE Egypt, in the Nile delta, near the modern Zagazig. Capital of Egypt in the XXII and XXIII dynasties, it began to decline after the second Persian conquest (343 B.C.). Bubastis was the center of the worship of the lion-headed (or cat-headed) goddess Bast. In the time of Herodotus it had an annual Saturnalia, an orgiastic festival honoring the god Saturn. As Pi-beseth, Bubastis is mentioned in Ezek. 30.17. Excavations were made in 1886, 1887, and 1906. Among the finds were a chapel of the VI dynasty (proving that the site dates back to the Old Kingdom) and a great temple built in the 8th cent. B.C.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Bubastis from Fact Monster:

  • Pi-beseth - Pi-beseth Pi-beseth , biblical name of Bubastis.
  • Bast, in Egyptian religion - Bast Bast , ancient Egyptian cat goddess. At first a goddess of the home, she later became known as ...
  • Nekhtnebf I - Nekhtnebf I Nekhtnebf I , Gr. Nectanebos I, king of ancient Egypt (379–361 B.C.), founder of ...
  • Az Zagazig - Zagazig, Az Zagazig, Az or Az Zaqaziq, city (1986 pop. 244,354), capital of Sharqiyah governorate, ...
  • Dynasties of Ancient Egypt (table) - Dynasties of Ancient Egypt Old Kingdom (or Old Empire) Dynasty Years Famous Rulers I ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Egypt