Colchis

Colchis (kŏlˈkĭs) [key], ancient country on the eastern shore of the Black Sea and in the Caucasus region. Centered about the fertile valley of the Phasis River (the modern Rion), Colchis corresponds to the present-day region of Mingrelia in Georgia. In Greek legend it was the home of Aeëtes and Medea, the land where the Golden Fleece was sought by Jason and the Argonauts. Greek trading posts were established in Colchis, but the land remained independent until conquered (c.100 B.C.) and held briefly by Mithradates VI of Pontus. After the time of Trajan to the end of the Roman Empire, Rome exerted considerable influence on the region.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Colchis from Fact Monster:

  • Saint Matthias - Matthias, Saint Matthias, Saint , in the Bible, apostle chosen by lot to fill the place of Judas ...
  • Golden Fleece - Golden Fleece Golden Fleece, in Greek mythology, the magic fleece of the winged ram that saved ...
  • Mingrelia - Mingrelia Mingrelia , lowland region, W Georgia, bordering the Black Sea. Tea and grapes are the ...
  • Medea - Medea Medea , in Greek mythology, princess of Colchis, skilled in magic and sorcery. She fell in ...
  • Pharnaces II - Pharnaces II Pharnaces II , d. 47 B.C., king of Pontus, son of Mithradates VI. In the Roman civil ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Middle East