], Czech Československo
chĕsˈkōslōvĕnˌskō, former federal republic, 49,370 sq mi (127,869 sq km), in central Europe. On Jan. 1, 1993, the Czech Republic
and the Slovak Republic (see Slovakia
) became independent states and Czechoslovakia ceased to exist. (For history prior to 1918 as well as geographic and economic information, see Bohemia
; Czech Republic
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