Introduction disarmament, nuclear,
the reduction and limitation of the various nuclear weapons in the military forces of the world's nations. The atomic bombs
dropped (1945) on Japan by the United States in World War II demonstrated the overwhelming destructive potential of nuclear weapons
and the threat to humanity posed by the possibility of nuclear war and led to calls for controls on or elimination of such weapons.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.