Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), established (1941) within the Office of Production Management by executive order of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It was created to promote the fullest employment of all available persons and to eliminate discriminatory employment practices. President Truman advocated a permanent peacetime FEPC, but the Senate terminated the program in 1946. In 1964 the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was created to fight discrimination in employment.
See J. K. Javits, Discrimination: U.S.A. (1960) P. Burstein, Discrimination, Jobs, and Politics (1985).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.