Gabii (gāˈbēĪ) [key], ancient town of Latium, 12 mi (19.3 km) E of Rome on the road to Praeneste (modern Palestrina). According to legend, Romulus was reared there. One of the most important of the Latin cities, it supposedly resisted a siege by Lucius Tarquinius Superbus but was early overshadowed by Rome and had lost all importance even in the days of the republic. The modern village of Castiglione is on the site.
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