Hasan

Hasan (häsänˈ) [key], c.625–c.669; son of Ali and Fatima (daughter of Muhammad the Prophet). When Ali was killed in 661, Hasan became caliph, but he was not strong enough to withstand the threat of arms of the Umayyads and under pressure abdicated in favor of Muawiya. He retired to Medina and died, reputedly of poison. His more active brother, Husein, took up the family cause. The Shiites believe that Hasan was murdered by the Umayyads and venerate him as a martyr.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Hasan from Fact Monster:

  • Ahmad Hasan al- Bakr - Bakr, Ahmad Hasan al- Bakr, Ahmad Hasan al- , 1914–82, president of Iraq (1968–79). He ...
  • Bani Hasan - Bani Hasan Bani Hasan , village, E central Egypt, on the Nile near Al Minya. There are 39 tombs, ...
  • Beni Hasan - Beni Hasan: Beni Hasan: see Bani Hasan, village, Egypt.
  • Muin ad-Din Hasan Chishti - Chishti, Muin ad-Din Hasan Chishti, Muin ad-Din Hasan , 1142–1236, Indian Muslim saint, b. ...
  • Nidal Malik Hasan - Biography of Nidal Malik Hasan, The suspect in the 2009 shooting rampage at Fort Hood

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Middle Eastern History