See D. G. Hogarth, Ionia and the East (1909); C. Roebuck, Ionian Trade and Colonization (1959); G. L. Huxley, The Early Ionians (1966, repr. 1972); J. Balcer, Sparda by the Bitter Sea: Imperial Interaction in Western Anatolia (1985).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.